Thu 24 May 2018

  ISLAM

ISLAM

ISLAM

ISLAM

Islam is a Semitic religion, which has over one billion adherents all over the world. Islam means "submission to the will of God". Muslims accept the Quran, as the word of God revealed to His last and final prophet, Mohammed (peace be upon him). Islam states that Allah sent messengers and prophets throughout the ages with the message of Unity of God, and accountability in the Hereafter. Islam thus makes it an article of faith to believe in all the earlier prophets, starting with Adam, and continuing with Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, John and Jesus amongst many others (may peace be on them all). The Most Concise Definition of God: The most concise definition of God in Islam is given in the four verses of Surah Ikhlas which is Chapter 112 of the Quran: "Say: He is Allah, The One and Only. "Allah, the Eternal, Absolute. "He begets not, nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him." [Al-Quran 112:1-4] The word Assamad is difficult to translate. It means absolute existence, which can be attributed only to Allah (swt), all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means that Allah (swt) is not dependant on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependant on Him. The most concise definition of God in Islam is given in the four verses of Surah Ikhlas which is Chapter 112 of the Quran: "Say: He is Allah, The One and Only. "Allah, the Eternal, Absolute. "He begets not, nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him." [Al-Quran 112:1-4] The word Assamad is difficult to translate. It means absolute existence, which can be attributed only to Allah (swt), all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means that Allah (swt) is not dependant on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependant on Him. Surah Ikhlas - the touchstone of theology: Surah Ikhlas (Chapter 112) of the Glorious Quran, is the touchstone of theology. Theo in Greek means God and logy’  means study. Thus Theology means study of God and to Muslims this four line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this acid test. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses. What does Islam say about god-men? India is often called the land of god-men. This is due to the abundance of so-called spiritual masters in India. Many of these babas and saints have a large following in many countries. Islam abhors deification of any human being. To understand the Islamic stand towards such pretenders to divinity, let us analyze one such god-man, Osho Rajneesh. Let us put this candidate, Bhagwan Rajneesh, to the test of Surah Ikhlas, the touchstone of theology: 1. The first criterion is "Say, He is Allah, one and only". Is Rajneesh one and only? No! Rajneesh was one among the multitude of spiritual teachers produced by India. Some disciples of Rajneesh might still hold that Rajneesh is one and only. 2. The second criterion is,  - Allah is absolute and eternal. We know from Rajneeshs biography that he was suffering from diabetes, asthma, and chronic backache. He alleged that the U.S. Government gave him slow poison in prison. Imagine Almighty God being poisoned! Rajneesh was thus, neither absolute nor eternal. 3. The third criterion is He begets not, nor is He begotten. We know that Rajneesh was born in Jabalpur in India and had a mother as well as a father who later became his disciples In May 1981 he went to U.S.A. and established a town called Rajneeshpuram. He later fell foul of the West and was finally arrested and asked to leave the country. He came back to India and started a commune in Pune which is now known as the Osho commune. He died in 1990. The followers of Osho Rajneesh believe that he is Almighty God. At the Osho commune in Pune one can find the following epitaph on his tombstone: "Osho never born, never died; only visited the planet Earth between 11th December 1931 to 19th January 1990." They forget to mention that he was not granted visa for 21 countries of the world. Can a person ever imagine God visiting the earth, and requiring a visa to enter a country! The Archbishop of Greece said that if Rajneesh had not been deported, they would have burnt his house and those of his disciples. 4. The fourth test, which is the most stringent is, "There is none like unto Him". The moment you can imagine or compare God’ to anything, then he (the candidate to divinity) is not God. It is not possible to conjure up a mental picture of the One True God. We know that Rajneesh was a human being, having two eyes, two ears, a nose, a mouth and a white flowing beard. Photographs and posters of Rajneesh are available in plenty. The moment you can imagine or draw a mental picture of an entity, then that entity is not God. Many are tempted to make anthropomorphic comparisons of God. Take for instance, Arnold Schwarzenegger, the famous body builder and Hollywood actor, who won the title of Mr. Universe, the strongest man in the world. Let us suppose that someone says that Almighty God is a thousand times stronger than Arnold Schwarzenegger. The moment you can compare any entity to God, whether the comparison is to Schwarzenegger or to King Kong, whether it is a thousand times or a million times stronger, it fails the Quranic criterion, "There is none like unto Him". Thus, the acid test cannot be passed by anyone except the One True God. The following verse of the Glorious Quran conveys a similar message: "No vision can grasp Him But His grasp is over All vision: He is Above all comprehension, Yet is acquainted with all things." [Al-Quran 6:103] By what name do we call God? The Muslims prefer calling the Supreme Creator, Allah, instead of by the English word God. The Arabic word, Allah, is pure and unique, unlike the English word God, which can be played around with. If you add s to the word God, it becomes Gods, that is the plural of God. Allah is one and singular, there is no plural of Allah. If you add dess to the word God, it becomes Goddess that is a female God. There is nothing like male Allah or female Allah. Allah has no gender. If you add the word father to God it becomes God-father. God-father means someone who is a guardian. There is no word like Allah-Abba or Allah-father. If you add the word mother to God, it becomes God-mother. There is nothing like Allah-Ammi, or Allah-mother in Islam. Allah is a unique word. If you prefix tin before the word God, it becomes tin-God i.e., fake God. Allah is a unique word, which does not conjure up any mental picture nor can it be played around with. Therefore the Muslims prefer using the Arabic word Allah for the Almighty. Sometimes, however, while speaking to the non-Muslims we may have to use the inappropriate word God, for Allah. Since the intended audience of this article is general in nature, consisting of both Muslims as well as non-Muslims, I have used the word God instead of Allah in several places in this article. God does not become a human being: God does not take human form: Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the God-men, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc. The worship of God in human form is therefore a logical fallacy and should be abhorred in all its forms and manifestations. That is the reason why the Quran speaks against all forms of anthropomorphism. The Glorious Quran says in the following verse: "There is nothing whatever like unto Him." [Al-Quran 42:11] God does not perform ungodly acts: The attributes of Almighty God preclude any evil since God is the source of justice, mercy and truth. God can never be thought of as doing an ungodly act. Hence we cannot imagine God telling a lie, being unjust, making a mistake, forgetting things, or having any such human failings. Similarly God can do injustice if He chooses to, but He will never do it because being unjust is an ungodly act. The Quran says: "Allah is never unjust In the least degree." [Al-Quran 4:40] God can be unjust if He chooses to be so, but the moment God does injustice, He ceases to be God. God does not make mistakes God can make mistakes if He wants to, but He does not make mistakes because making a mistake is an ungodly act. The Quran says: "my Lord never errs." [Holy Quran 20:52] The moment God makes a mistake, he ceases to be God. God does not forget God can forget if He wants to. But God does not forget anything because forgetting is an ungodly act, which reeks of human limitations and failings. The Quran says: "my Lord never errs, nor forgets." [Al-Quran 20:52] God only performs Godly acts: The Islamic concept of God is that God has power over all things. The Quran says in several places (Al –Quran 2:106; 2:109; 2:284; 3:29; 16:77; and 35:1): "For verily Allah has power over all things" Further, the Glorious Quran says: "Allah is the doer of all that He intends." [Al-Quran 85:16] We must keep in mind that Allah intends only Godly acts and not ungodly acts. PHILOSOPHY OF ANTHROPOMORPHISM Many religions at some point believe, directly or indirectly, in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. God becoming a human. Their contention is that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships, shortcomings and feelings of human beings. In order to set the rules for human beings, He came down to earth as a human. This deceptive logic has fooled countless millions through the ages. Let us now analyze this argument and see if it stands to reason. The Creator prepares the instruction manual: Suppose I manufacture a video cassette recorder (VCR). Do I have to become a VCR to know what is good or what is bad for the VCR? What do I do? I write an instruction manual: "In order to watch a video cassette, insert the cassette and press the play button. In order to stop, press the stop button. If you want to fast forward press the FF button. Do not drop it from a height or it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water or it will get spoilt". I write an instruction manual that lists the various dos and donts for the machine. Holy Quran is the instruction manual for the human being: Similarly, our Lord and Creator Allah (swt) need not take human form to know what is good or bad for the human being. He chooses to reveal the instruction manual. The last and final instruction manual of the human beings is the Glorious Quran. The dos and donts for the human beings are mentioned in the Quran. If you allow me to compare human beings with machines, I would say humans are more complicated than the most complex machines in the world. Even the most advanced computers, which are extremely complex, are pale in comparison to the myriad physical, psychological, genetic and social factors that affect individual and collective human life. The more advanced the machine, greater is the need for its instruction manual. By the same logic, dont human beings require an instruction manual by which to govern their own lives? Allah chooses Messengers: Allah (swt) need not come down personally for giving the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver the message and communicates with him at a higher level through the medium of revelations. Such chosen men are called messengers and prophets of God. Some people are blind and deaf: Despite the absurdity of the philosophy of anthropomorphism, followers of many religions believe in and preach it to others. Is it not an insult to human intelligence and to the Creator who gave us this intelligence? Such people are truly deaf and blind despite the faculty of hearing and sight given to them by Allah. The Quran says: "Deaf, dumb, and blind, They will not return (to the path)." [Al-Quran 2:18] The Bible gives a similar message in the Gospel of Matthew: "Seeing they see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand." [The Bible, Matthew 13:13] A similar message is also given in the Hindu Scriptures in the Rigveda. "There maybe someone who sees the words and yet indeed does not see them; may be another one who hears these words but indeed does not hear them." 1 [Rigveda 10:71:4] All these scriptures are telling their readers that though the things are made so clear yet many people divert away from the truth. Attributes of God: To Allah belong the most beautiful names: The Quran says: "Say: Call upon Allah, or Call upon Rahman: By whatever name you call Upon Him, (it is well): For to Him belong The Most Beautiful Names." [Al-Quran 17:110] A similar message regarding the beautiful names of Allah (swt) is repeated in the Quran in Surah Al-Araf (7:180), in Surah Taha (20:8) and in Surah Al-Hashr (59:24). The Quran gives no less than ninety-nine different attributes to Almighty Allah. The Quran refers to Allah as Ar-Rahman (Most Gracious), Ar-Raheem (Most Merciful) and Al-Hakeem (All Wise) among many other names. You can call Allah by any name but that name should be beautiful and should not conjure up a mental picture. Each attribute of God is unique and possessed by Him alone: Not only does God possess unique attributes, but also each attribute of Almighty God is sufficient to identify Him. I shall clarify this point in detail. Let us take an example of a famous personality, say Neil Armstrong. Neil Armstrong is an astronaut. The attribute of being an astronaut possessed by Neil Armstrong is correct but not unique to Neil Armstrong alone. So when one asks, who is an astronaut? The answer is, there are hundreds of people in the world who are astronauts. Neil Armstrong is an American. The attribute of being American possessed by Neil Armstrong is correct but not sufficient to identify him. So when one asks, who is an American? The answer is, there are millions of people who are American. To identify the person uniquely we must look for a unique attribute possessed by none except that person. For example, Neil Armstrong was the first human to set foot on the moon. So when one asks, who was the first man to set foot on the moon, the answer is only one, i.e. Neil Armstrong. Similarly the attribute of Almighty God should be unique. If I say God is the constructor of buildings, it is possible and true, but it is not unique. Thousands of people can construct a building. But each attribute of Allah is unique and points to none but Allah. For example, God is the creator of the universe. If someone asks who is the creator of the universe, the answer is only one, i.e. Almighty God is the Ultimate Creator. Similarly, following are some of the many unique attributes possessed by none other than the Creator of the universe, Almighty Allah: "Ar-Raheem", the Most Merciful "Ar-Rahman", the Most Gracious "Al-Hakeem", the Most Wise So when one asks, "Who is Ar-Raheem, (the Most Merciful)?", there can only be one answer: "Almighty Allah". One attribute of God should not contradict with other attributes: Besides the attribute being unique, it should not contradict other attributes. To continue with the earlier example, suppose somebody says that Neil Armstrong is an American astronaut who was the first human to set foot on the moon and was an Indian. The attribute possessed by Neil Armstrong of being the first man to set foot on the moon, is correct. But its associated quality of being an Indian, is false. Similarly if someone says that God is the Creator of the Universe and has one head, two hands, two feet, etc., the attribute (Creator of the Universe) is correct but the associated quality (in the form of human being) is wrong and false. All attributes should point to the one and same God: Since there is only one God, all the attributes should point to one and the same God. To say that Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut who first set foot on the moon, but he was born in 1971 is wrong. Both these unique qualities belong to one and the same person, i.e. Neil Armstrong. Similarly to say that the Creator of the universe is one God and the Cherisher is another God is absurd because God possesses all these attributes combined together. Unity of God: Some polytheists argue by saying that the existence of more than one God is not illogical. Let us point out to them that if there were more than one God, they would dispute with one another, each god trying to fulfill his will against the will of the other gods. This can be seen in the mythology of the polytheistic and pantheistic religions. If a God is defeated or unable to defeat the others, he is surely not the one true God. Also popular among polytheistic religions is the idea of many Gods, each having different responsibilities. Each one would be responsible for a part of mans existence e.g. a Sun-God, a Rain-God, etc. This indicates that one God is incompetent of certain acts and moreover he is also ignorant of the other Gods’ powers, duties, functions and responsibilities. There cannot be an ignorant and incapable God. If there were more than one God it would surely lead to confusion, disorder, chaos and destruction in the universe. But the universe is in complete harmony. The Glorious Quran says: "If there were, in the heavens And the earth, other gods Besides Allah, there would Have been confusion in both! But glory to Allah, The Lord of the Throne: (High is He) above What they attribute to Him!" [Al-Quran 21:22] If there were more than one God, they would have taken away what they created. The Quran says: "No son did Allah beget, Nor is there any god Along with Him: (if there were Many gods), behold, each god Would have taken away What he had created, And some would have Lorded it over others! Glory to Allah! (He is free) From the (sort of) things They attribute to Him!" [Al-Quran 23:91] Thus the existence of one True, Unique, Supreme, Almighty God, is the only logical concept of God. TAWHEED: Definition and Categories: Islam believes in Tawheed which is not merely monotheism i.e. belief in one God, but much more. Tawheed literally means unification i.e. asserting oneness and is derived from the Arabic verb Wahhada which means to unite, unify or consolidate. Tawheed can be divided into three categories. 1. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah 2. Tawheed al-Asmaa-was-Sifaat 3. Tawheed al-Ibaadah. A. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (maintaining the unity of Lordship) The first category is Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah. Ruboobeeyah is derived from the root verb "Rabb" meaning Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher. Therefore Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah means maintaining the unity of Lordship. This category is based on the fundamental concept that Allah (swt) alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing. He created or originated all that exists out of nothing. He alone is the sole Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer of the complete universe and all between it, without any need from it or for it. B. Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (maintaining the unity of Allahs name and attributes): The second category is Tawheed al Asmaa was Sifaat which means maintaining the unity of Allahs name and attributes. This category is divided into five aspects (i) Allah should be referred to as described by Him and His Prophet Allah must be referred to according to the manner in which He and His prophet have described Him without explaining His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings. (ii) Allah must be referred to as He has referred to Himself Allah must be referred to without giving Him any new names or attributes. For example Allah may not be given the name Al-Ghaadib (the Angry One), despite the fact that He has said that He gets angry, because neither Allah nor His messenger have used this name. (iii) Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation In a reference to God, we should strictly abstain from giving Him the attributes of those whom He has created. For instance in the Bible, God is portrayed as repenting for His bad thoughts in the same way as humans do when they realise their errors. This is completely against the principle of Tawheed. God does not commit any mistakes or errors and therefore never needs to repent. The key principle when dealing with Allahs attributes is given in the Quran in Surah Ash-Shura: "There is nothing Whatever like unto Him, And He is the One That hears and sees (all things)." [Al-Quran 42:11] Hearing and seeing are human faculties. However, when attributed to the Divine Being they are without comparison, in their perfection, unlike when associated with humans who require ears, eyes, etc. and who are limited in their sight and hearing in terms of space, time, capacity, etc. (iv) Gods creation should not be given any of His attributes To refer to a human with the attribute of God is also against the principle of Tawheed. For example, referring to a person as one who has no beginning or end (eternal (v) Allahs name cannot be given to His creatures Some Divine names in the indefinite form, like Raoof or Raheem are permissible names for men as Allah has used them for Prophets; but Ar-Raoof (the Most Pious) and Ar-Raheem (the most Merciful) can only be used if prefixed by Abd meaning slave of or servant of i.e. Abdur-Raoof or Abdur-Raheem. Similarly Abdur-Rasool (slave of the Messenger) or Abdun-Nabee (slave of the Prophet) are forbidden. ( C ) Tawheed al-Ibaadah (maintaining the unity of worship): 1. Definition and meaning of  Ibadaah: ‘Tawheed al-Ibaadah means maintaining the unity of worship or Ibaadah. Ibaadah is derived from Arabic word Abd meaning slave or servant. Thus Ibaadah means servitude and worship 2. All three categories to be followed simultaneously. Only believing in the first two categories of Tawheed without implementing Tawheed-al-Ibaadah is useless. The Quran gives the examples of Mushrikeens (idolaters) of the Prophets time who confirmed the first two aspects of Tawheed. It is mentioned in the Quran: "Say: Who is it that Sustains you (in life) From the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that Has power over hearing And sight? And who Is it that brings out The living from the dead And the dead from the living? And who is it that Rules and regulates all affairs? They will soon say, Allah. Say, Will you not then Show piety (to Him)? " [Al-Quran 10:31] A similar example is repeated in Surah Zukhruf of the Glorious Quran: "If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will Certainly say, Allah: how Then are they deluded Away (from the Truth)?" [Al-Quran 43:87] The pagan Meccans knew that Allah (swt) was their Creator, Sustainer, Lord and Master. Yet they were not Muslims because they also worshipped other gods besides Allah. Allah (swt) categorised them as Kuffaar (disbelievers) and Mushrikeen (idol worshippers and those who associate partners with God). "And most of them Believe not in Allah Without associating (others As partners) with Him!" [Al-Quran 12:106] Thus Tawheed al-Ibaadah i.e. maintaining the unity of worship is the most important aspect of Tawheed. Allah (swt) alone deserves worship and He alone can grant benefit to man for his worship. SHIRK: A. Definition:The omission of any of the above mentioned categories of tawheed or deficiency in the fulfillment of any criteria of Tawheed is referred to as 'shirk'.(Please note that the Arabic word 'Shirk' has the same sound as in the English word 'ship' and not as in the English word 'shirk',which means 'to evade' Shirk literally means sharing or associating partners. In Islamic terms it means associating partners with Allah and is equivalent to idolatry. C. Shirk is the greatest sin that Allah will never forgive: The Quran describes the greatest sin in Surah Al-Nisa: "Allah forgives not That partners should be set up With Him; but He forgivesAnything else, to whom He pleases; to set up Partners with Allah Is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed." [Al-Quran 4:48] The same message is repeated in Surah Al-Nisa : "Allah forgives not (The sin of) joining other gods With Him; but He forgives Whom He pleases other sins Than this: one who joins Other gods with Allah, Has strayed far, far away (From the Right)." [Al-Quran 4:116] D. Shirk leads to hell fire: The Quran says in Surah Maidah: "They do blaspheme who say: Allah is Christ the son Of Mary. But said Christ: O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord And your Lord. Whoever joins other gods with Allah , Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire Will be his abode. There will for the wrongdoers Be no one to help." [Al-Quran 5:72] E. Worship and Obedience to none but Allah: The Quran mentions in Surah Al- E-Imran: Say: "O people of the Book! Come To common terms As between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; That we associate no partners with Him; That we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah." If then they turn back, Say ye: "Bear witness that we (at least) Are Muslims (bowing to Allahs Will)." [Al-Quran 3:64] The Glorious Quran says: "And if all the trees on earth were pens And the Ocean (were ink), with seven Oceans behind it To add to its (supply), yet would not the Words Of Allah be exhausted (In the writing): for Allah Is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom." [Al-Quran 31:27] Our analysis of Concept of God in various Religion shows that monotheism is an integral part of every major religion of the world. However, it is unfortunate that some adherents of these religions violate the teachings of their own scriptures and have set up partners to Almighty God.

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM

ISLAM’S  DEFINITION

Meaning of Islam Islam is derived from the word salaam meaning peace. Submission to the Will of Allah (swt) i.e. God Almighty. Meaning of the word - Muslim’ is one who submits his will to Allah. Islam is not a new religion found by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). MESSENGERS IN ISLAM To every nation was sent a Guide or a Messenger Al-Qur'an 35:24 Al-Qur'an 13:7 25 Prophets mentioned by name in the Qur'an Islam is the only non-Christian faith that believes in Jesus (pbuh) Stories only of some prophets mentioned in Qur'an Al-Qur'an 4:164 Al-Qur'an 40:78 More than 1,24,000 Messengers according to Hadith Previous Messengers were only sent for their people and nation and their complete message was meant only for a particular time period. Moses (pbuh) was only sent for the Jews. Jesus (pbuh) sent only for the Jews i.e. lost sheep of Israel. Al-Qur'an 3:49 Mathew 10:5-6 Mathew 15:24 Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Last and Final Messenger for the Whole of Mankind. Al-Qur'an 33:40 Al-Qur'an 21:107 Al-Qur'an 34:28 Sahih Bukhari Vol.1 Book of Salaah Chapter 56 Hadith No. 429 REVELATIONS OF GOD Several Revelations sent by Allah , Al-Qur'an 13:38. By name only four are mentioned in the Quran. They are Taurat ( Torah), Jabbur, Injil ( Bible) and Quran. The Quran is the Last and Final Revelation. All previous Revelations before Qur'an were only sent for a particular group of people and for a particular time period The Quran was Revealed for the Whole of Mankind Al-Qur'an 14:1 Al-Qur'an 14:52 Al-Qur'an 2:185 Al-Qur'an 39:41 PILLARS OF ISLAM: 1. Tauheed: Monotheism La ilaha ilallahu, Muhammad-ur-Rasoolullah Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith No. 7 Believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels and the Book and the Messengers. Al-Qur'an 2:177 Come to common terms  Worship of one God Al-Qur'an 3:64 Concept of God Al-Qur'an 112:1-4 Deuteronomy 6:4 Mark 12:29 Shirk is the Biggest Sin Al-Qur'an 4:48 Al-Qur'an 4:116 Exodus 20:2-5 Deuteronomy 5:7-9 Jesus (pbuh) not God. He never claimed Divinity Al-Qur'an 5:72 John 14:28 John 10:29 Mathew 12:28 Luke 11:20 John 5:30 Acts 2:21 99 Attributes of Almighty God , Al-Qur'an 17:110 Prefer using name Allah rather than the word God as the word God can be played around with. Allah in the Bible - Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani Mark 15:34 Mathew 27:46 2.

 Salaah A. Not merely Prayers but Programming Al-Qur'an 5:90 Al-Qur'an 2:188 B. Prayers restrain you from shameful and unjust deeds Al-Qur'an 29:45 C.

Salaah timings  for healthy soul five times a day . Al-Qur'an 17:78 Al-Qur'an 20:130 D. Take off shoes before entering mosque. Commandment of Allah to Moses Al-Qur'an 20:11-12 Exodus 3:5 Acts 7:33 Can Pray with Shoes. Sunan Abu Dawood ,  Vol. 1, Book of Salaah, Chapter 240, Hadith No. 652-653. Hygienic E. Ablution (1) Al-Qur'an 5:6 Exodus 40:31-32 Acts 21:26 (ii) Hygienic (iii) Mental Preparation F. Stand shoulder to shoulder, while praying , Sahih Bukhari  Vol. 1, Book of Adhan Chapter 75 Hadith no. 692 Abu Dawood , Vol. 1, Book of Salaah Chapter 245 Hadith No. 666. G. Sujud  Prostration (i) To humble your mind, humble your body (ii) Sujud mentioned 92 times in the Quran Al-Qur'an 3:43 Al-Qur'an 22:77 (iii) Prostration in the Bible Genesis 17:3; Numbers 20:6 Joshua 5:14; Mathew 26:39 3. Zakat . Giving away a portion ( 2.5% ) of the residue of yearly income to the deserving poor people. 4. Fasting : Fasting from dawn to dusk in the month of Ramadhan. 5. To go to pilgrim at Mecca at least once in life.

 

 


Date:- 21 Feb 2015 ।