Thu 24 May 2018

  Muhammad (Sm), A Mercy to the Worlds

Muhammad (Sm), A Mercy to the Worlds

Muhammad (Sm), A Mercy to the Worlds

 Muhammad (SM)
A Mercy to the Worlds
O ne in every five persons on this earth firmly believes that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the final Messenger of God. He was a Muslim and there are more than 1.3 billion such Muslims today.
Not only individuals, but entire countries take pride in declaring their allegiance to him. There are 54 such Muslim states today, ranging from those as large as Indonesia and Bangladesh, with populations of 200 and 125 million respectively, to those as tiny as the Maldives or Brunei with populations of 230,000 and 260,000.

Even in non- Muslim countries, large Muslim populations constitute significant minorities; as much as 120 million in India and 20 million in China .
Indeed, within the last half century, Islam, the religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad, has become the second largest religion in most European countries, as well as in America and Canada .
Black and white, red and yellow, followers of the Prophet Muhammad come from all races. Whether in Asia or Europe , Africa or America , in every nook and cranny of this globe, you are sure to find Muslims. They live in the most advanced, sprawling megalopolis as well as in the most primitive nomadic tent, village, hamlet, and even in the bush.
As now so always, down the centuries, across the planet, from end to end, billions and billions of men and women have lived all their lives, loving the Prophet and trying to follow in his footsteps, as no one else has been so loved and followed.
They have lived and died, believed and acted, married and raised families, worshipped and ruled, made war and peace, even eaten and dressed, walked and slept, just as he did or taught them to do.
Indeed, never in history has a man influenced mankind, even beyond his death, so deeply and as pervasively as he has. He brings light and peace to countless hearts and lives. They love him more dearly than their own selves. In him they find their greatest source of inspiration and guidance.
He is the ultimate norm and the perfect example for them. Faith in him is their mainstay, and he is their chief source of support and comfort in all personal vicissitudes and tribulations. They also look to him to lead them through social and political turmoil.
He has always inspired them to greater and greater heights of spiritual and moral upliftment and civilizational achievements. And still does.
In short, they believe that through him, a human like themselves, God has spoken to them, and guided him to live amongst them, setting an example and a model for all times to come.
ven today he motivates and induces whole populations to yearn and strive to shape their private lives, politics and policies according to his teachings.
 
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Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was an illiterate but wise and well-respected man, a member of the ruling Quraysh tribe, who was born in Makkah in the year 570 C.E. * , at the time when Christianity was not yet fully established in Europe . He was orphaned at an early age and then raised by his uncle Abu Talib.
As Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) grew up, he became known for his truthfulness, generosity and sincerity, so that he was sought after for his ability to arbitrate in disputes. His reputation and personal qualities also led to his marriage at the age of 25 to Khadijah, a widow whom he had assisted in business. From then on, he became an important and trusted citizen of Makkah. Historians describe him as calm and meditative.
Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) never felt content to be part of his society whose values were devoid of true religious significance. He never worshiped idols and never drank alcohol, although drinking was widespread in Arabian society at that time. It became his habit to retreat from time to time to meditate in the cave of Hira ' near the summit of Jabal An-Nur, the � Mountain of Light �, near Makkah.
At the age of 40, while engaged in one such meditative retreat, Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) received his first revelation from Allah (God) through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril). This revelation, which continued for twenty-three years, is known as the Qur'an.
The Early Message
His first convert was his wife Khadijah, whose support and companionship provided necessary reassurance and strength. He also won the support of some of his relatives and friends. The basic themes of the early message were the majesty of the One, Unique God; the futility of idol worship; the threat of judgment; and the necessity of faith, compassion and morality in human affairs.
All these themes represented an attack on the crass materialism and idolatry prevalent in Makkah at the time. So when he began to proclaim the message to others, the Makkans rejected him. He and his small group of followers suffered bitter persecution. Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his followers drew comfort from the knowledge revealed to him about other Prophets, such as Abraham, Joseph, and Moses, each of whom had also been persecuted and tested.
Emigration
The persecution by the Makkans grew so fierce that in the year 622 C.E., thirteen years after the beginning of the revelation, Allah (God) commanded the Muslims to emigrate. This event, the Hijrah (migration), in which they left Makkah for the city of Madinah , some 433 km (260 miles) to the north, marked the beginning of a new era and thus the beginning of the Muslim calendar.
In Madinah the Muslims were able to live, worship, and spread their message in peace. During this period, the revelations of the Qur'an mainly dealt with the Muslims' relationships with family members, the community of believers, and the non-Muslims.
The Quraysh in Makkah continued their efforts to stop the growth of Islam and forced the Muslims to fight several battles. Finally a truce was called and the Treaty of Hudaybiyah was signed to bring an end to hostilities.
When the Makkans broke the truce two years later, the Muslims set off to fight them. However, on seeing the size of the Muslim army, the Makkans surrendered. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his followers entered the city peacefully, where they forgave their enemies and established Islam definitively.
By the time the Prophet died at the age of 63, ten years after the Hijrah, the greater part of Arabia had accepted Islam. Within a century of his death, Islam had spread as far west as Spain and as far east as China . It was clear that the message was not limited to Arabs; it was for the whole of humanity. In the Qur'an, Allah describes Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as (a mercy to the worlds) (21:107, Shakir's translation ).
Although Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is deeply loved, revered and emulated by Muslims as Allah's final Messenger, he is not an object of worship .
What Really Happened Up There?
The moment had to come. It was in the month of Ramadan, in the year 610 CE when Muhammad
(pbuh) was 40 years old, spending the month in the mountain of Hira ', as had been his habit for several years.
Suddenly, Muhammad (pbuh) has a most fascinating experience, an account of which is given by his future wife Aishah:
 
The first aspect of revelation to God's Messenger was that his dreams came true. Whatever vision he
might have had in his sleep would occur as he had seen. Then, he began to enjoy seclusion. He used to retreat alone into the cave of Hira ', where he would spend several days in devotion before going back to his family.
He used to take some food with him, and when he came back he would take a fresh supply for another period. He continued to do so until he received the truth while in the cave of Hira '.
The angel came to him and said: "Read". He replied: "I am not a reader." The Prophet says: "He held me and pressed hard until I was exhausted, then he released me and said: "Read� and I replied: "I am not a reader." So he held me and pressed me hard a second time until I was exhausted, then he released me and said: "Read". I replied: "I am not a reader." He then held me and pressed hard for a third time. Then he said: "Read, in the name of Your Lord Who created. It is He who created man from clots of blood. Read! Your Lord is the most bounteous, who has taught the use of the pen. He has taught man what he did not know.'"
The Prophet returned home to Khadijah, trembling, and said: "Wrap me! Wrap me!" They wrapped him and his fear subsided. He turned to Khadijah and exclaimed: "What has happened to me?" He related to her what happened and said: "I fear for myself." And Khadijah replied: "You have nothing to fear; be calm and relax. God will not let you suffer humiliation, because you are kind to your relatives, you speak the truth, you assist anyone in need, you are hospitable to your guest and you help in every just cause."
Then she took him to Waraqah ibn Nawfal, her paternal cousin who was a Christian convert and a scholar with good knowledge of Arabic, Hebrew and the Bible. He had lost his eyesight, as he had grown very old.
  Khadijah said to Waraqah: "Cousin, would you like to hear what your nephew has to say?" [Waraqah was not, in fact, the Prophet's uncle. Khadijah's reference to Muhammad as his nephew was in accordance with the standards of politeness which prevailed in Arabia at the time.]
Waraqah said: "Well, nephew, what have you seen?" The Prophet related to him what he saw. When he had finished, Waraqah said: "It is the same revelation as was sent down to Moses. I wish I was a young man so that I might be alive when your people turn you away from this city."
The Prophet exclaimed: "Would they turn me away?" Waraqah answered: "Yes! No man has ever preached a message like yours and was not met with enmity. If I live till that day, I will certainly give you all my support." But Waraqah died soon after that.
This hadith is related in both of the two most authentic collections of the Prophet's traditions prepared by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, and also related by Imam Ahmad in his collection.



Date:- 27 Feb 2015 ।